Biscuit Making | Small Business Manufacturing

Biscuit making business is very lucrative and can be initiated as small scale basis. Biscuit making is a conventional activity and an entrepreneur can initiate this business with low startup capital also. Despite the advent of modern, large capacity and automatic biscuit making plants, a large section of people still prefers fresh biscuits from the local bakery as they are cheap and offer many varieties. These manufacturers are able to cater to some typical local palate as well. Thus, they are able to withstand competition from organized sector units.

Despite the advent of modern, large capacity and automatic biscuit making plants, a large section of people still prefers fresh biscuits from the local bakery as they are cheap and offer many varieties. These manufacturers are able to cater to some typical local palate as well. Thus, they are able to withstand competition from organized sector units.

Market Opportunity For Biscuit Making

The biscuit market is very promising and expecting a higher growth in near future. Biscuit market is all about effective decision-making, and strategic planning as to how to sell, what kind packaging should be done, what will be the pricing strategy etc. Biscuits market is seen to be dominating in the food industry due to its innovative packaging, new flavors, tastes, shapes, new technologies, and rising health consciousness among consumers. Many national and regional brands dominate the urban and semi-urban markets. But even then many local manufacturers have also carved a special niche as their products are fresh, they offer many varieties and they are cheaper.

Biscuits market is seen to be dominating in the food industry due to its innovative packaging, new flavors, tastes, shapes, new technologies, and rising health consciousness among consumers. Many national and regional brands dominate the urban and semi-urban markets. But even then many local manufacturers have also carved a special niche as their products are fresh, they offer many varieties and they are cheaper.

Biscuit Making Business Registration

In starting biscuit making business first you will need to determine the ownership pattern and register the firm accordingly with Register Of Companies. You need to obtain Trade License from the local authority. In addition, apply for Vat Registration. As biscuit is a food item you have to take an FSSAI license. Register your business with local DIC office. While you are starting a commercial biscuit making company, it is advisable to take No Objection from Pollution Control Board. The BIS has specified quality standards vide IS 1011:1992. Compliance with PFA Act is necessary.

While you are starting a commercial biscuit making company, it is advisable to take No Objection from Pollution Control Board. The BIS has specified quality standards vide IS 1011:1992. Compliance with PFA Act is necessary.

Related: Small Business Registration In India | Basic Guide 

Biscuit Making Raw Material & Process Flow Chart

The basic raw material for the manufacture of biscuits is wheat flour. The requirement will not be substantial but supply arrangements with flour mill of the region would ensure smooth supplies. Other required items are yeast, sugar, ghee, milk powder, salt, edible colors, flavors etc. Concentrate on the packaging. You must provide the Proper packaging system for moisture proof packaging.

Other required items are yeast, sugar, ghee, milk powder, salt, edible colors, flavors etc. Concentrate on the packaging. You must provide the Proper packaging system for moisture proof packaging.

Manufacturing process is simple and conventional. Mix wheat flour along with other ingredients with water and prepare the dough. Then, keep it at a normal room temperature for about couple of hours to allow proper fermentation. Then place it in biscuit molding trays. Further place these trays in an oven for baking. After requisite baking, trays are taken out, cooled and biscuits are packed. The process flow chart is as under:

Further place these trays in an oven for baking. After requisite baking, trays are taken out, cooled and biscuits are packed. The process flow chart is as under:

Making the dough by mixing the ingredients → Process of fermentation → Giving the shape → Baking the raw biscuit → Testing → Packaging.

The recipe is an important factor in this business. And you must have some innovative biscuit making recipe to get the long-term success in this business. In addition, you can source the manufacturing technology from the Government research institutes.

Biscuit Making Machines

The machinery required for biscuit making are dough mixer, rotary molder, rotary cutter, laminator, biscuit baking oven, cooling conveyor, oil sprayer, two-tier cooling conveyor with standard accessories, biscuit sandwiching machine. You also need to purchase sealing and wrapping machines for packaging purpose. According to the required output, you will need to purchase the machinery.

Starting a biscuit making business is a lucrative venture for the housewives and women entrepreneurs also. In addition, you can start biscuit making as the part-time basis to earn extra income.

Learning Resource For Biscuit Making Business

The Complete Technology Book on Bakery Products

If you want to start a commercial biscuit making business, then you must have the knowledge about the manufacturing process, machinery, packaging etc. And a book is the best resource and guide to address this issue.

The book covers various aspects related to different bakery products with their manufacturing process and also provides contact details of raw material, plant and machinery suppliers with equipment photographs and their technical specifications.

In addition, this book caters a wide variety of bakery products. These are wheat ingredients, other grain ingredients, shortenings, emulsifiers, antioxidants, water and salt, different types of bread and biscuits. Additionally, it provides information about cakes, buns, icings, production of cookie and cracker, spices, flavours, colors, leavened and unleavened products, air-leavened products, chemically leavened bread and rolls, chemically leavened sweet goods, Yeast-leavened plain bread, rolls, dough, preservation of bakery products, milk and egg ingredients, fruits, vegetables, nuts and many more.