Denim garments or jeans casuals are very popular apparel items among men, women, kids and seniors. Denim garments cater a wide range of products like jeans pant, trousers, shirts, coat, ladies skirts and different types of kid’s casuals. Different stylish bags made of denim are also very popular. Denim comes under casual dresses. Casual garments refer to that breed of dresses whose styles are generally nonconformist with normal features of oversized pockets, pockets with flaps, larger front buttons, loose fit etc. Denim garments making business is profitable and you can start from your home also. However, you must have an adequate amount of space for production operation and storage. Here in this article, we intend to provide how to start the denim garments making business with a small startup capital investment.
Denim Garments Making – Market Potential
The denim industry is growing at a compound annual growth rate of 13 to 15%. Denim in India is expected to see exponential growth in the coming years, even as the overall growth in the apparel industry is slowing down. The denim has been one of the fastest-growing apparel fabric segments, having grown by 500 million meters, from 700 million meters in 2010 to 1.2 billion in 2015. According to recent estimates, denim, which makes up 35% of the country’s total textile exports, is expected to rise to 45% by 2020. The production capacity is also expected to rise to 1.5 billion meters by 2020. Its growth in the clothing market has also been more focussed on the domestic market. With legitimate arranging and generous capital speculation, denim garments making can be started as little scale premise.
Denim Garments Making Business Compliance
In India, you must obtain some of registrations and licenses to start denim garments making business. It is highly recommended to check your state law for specific rules and regulation. Here, we have listed the basic requirements.
- Register your business with ROC as per your management pattern and mode of operation.
- Apply for Trade License from local authority
- Apply for MSME Udyog Aadhaar registration
- Obtain VAT Registration
- For export, you must obtain IEC number
- Register your brand name with Trademark.
- In the case of a large operation, you must obtain factory license and fire license from the concerned authority.
Machinery & Raw Materials For Denim Garments Making Business
According to the products you want to produce, desired output and quality, you must select the right machines for your unit. Some of the basic machinery requirements are:
- Power cutting machine
- Hot drill
- Band knife cutting machine
- Cloth clamps
- End cutter (Straight)
- Single Needle sewing machine
- Single Needle sewing machine with thread trimmer
- Single Needle sewing machine with edge trimmer
- Overlock with soft stitch
- Different types of sewing machine with different needles facility
- Bar tacking machine
- Snap-fastening machine
- Buttonhole and button stitch machine
- Embroidery machine
- Automatic jeans pocket sewer
- Trouser topper
- Steam iron
- Washing machine
- Drying tumbler etc.
You will need to procure some of the testing equipment like electronic microbalance, fabric ends/picks tester, fabric thickness tester, shrinkage tester etc.
Different color denim fabrics are the major raw material for this business. You must procure other embellishments like collars, Interlining cloth, zippers, sewing threads,elastics, labels etc. You will also need to obtain packaging consumables.
Denim Garments Making Process
Denim garments making is like any other garment except that these garments require special care and finishes. The basic outline of the operations for denim garments in general are:
- Pattern design and pattern making.
- Cloth cutting by the mechanical process.
- Sewing by high-speed industrial sewing machine.
- Trimming and inspection.
- Ironing and pressing as the finishing process.
Cutting involves three basic operations like making the marker, spreading the fabric and chopping fabric into the marked sections. There are six types of machines available to chop or cut a lay into the component parts of the market like rotary blade machine, vertical reciprocal blade machines, band knives, similar to band– saws, die clickers systems with straight blades and automated computerized
laser beam cutting machines.
The sewing operation is performed to join the individual cut components into the desired shape by using a power operated sewing machine. Fusing and cementing are processes for stitching or decorative seaming. Fusing is either by direct heat, by hot head fusing presses, in which pressure surface area is heated by electric heating grade or steam. Cementing processes use mechanical pressure systems with inbuilt head application depending on the adhesive materials used.
You can use moulding to change the surface character to photography of a garment of one of its stitch sections by application of heat, moisture or pressure. Pressing, pleating, blocking mangling, steaming, creasing, curing and casting curing and casting are trade terms for various moulding processes.
In the field of casual fashion, the fade look has significant value. You can get the fade effects instantly by latest washing technology and it plays a very important role in the saleability of the denim garment.
It is an essential to maintain the quality control in the garment industry. The export markets are highly competitive. No quality specifications are followed either BIS or by any other institution as the same can not standardise due to frequent fashion changes in the denim garments making industry.