Commercial goat farming is a very lucrative and profitable venture which can be initiated with a comparatively small capital investment. In India, revenue wise goat farming is very popular among the small and marginal farmers and even to landless farmers. You can start goat farming as a home based business opportunity from your backyards or you can initiate a full-scale goat farming business with a substantial capital investment. Before starting a commercial goat farming business, proper skill and knowledge are important. It is recommended to start goat farming business in small scale and as your business grow steadily, plan for expansion.
Products From Goat Farming
Goats are multi-purpose animals. You can produce the products like milk, meat, fiber, manure and skin from the goats. In starting goat farming business, it is essential to figure out the purpose of your goat farming business and what specific product you want to produce. The market survey is important to decide the product and you will need to take the decision which product you will be going to produce and sell in the local market. Accordingly, you will need to choose the right breed.
Why Goat Farming Is Profitable
#1. The initial investment needed for Goat farming is low.
#2. Due to small body size and docile nature, housing requirements and manage mental problems with goats are less.
#3. Goats are friendly animals and enjoy being with the people.
#4. Goats are prolific breeders and achieve sexual maturity at the age of 10-12 months gestation period in goats is short and at the age of 16-17 months, it starts giving milk. Twinning is very common and triplets and quadruplets are rare.
#5. In drought prone areas risk of goat farming is very much less as compared to other livestock species.
#6. Unlike large animals, in commercial farm conditions, both male and female goats have equal value.
#7. Goats are ideal for mixed species grazing. The animal can thrive well on wide variety of thorny bushes, weeds, crop residues, agricultural by-products unsuitable for human consumption.
#8. Under proper management, goats can improve and maintain grazing land and reduce bush encroachment (biological control) without causing harm to the environment.
#9. Goats are 2.5 times more economical than sheep on free range grazing under semi-arid conditions.
Goat Farming Business Plan
As any livestock farming business, you must have a proper business plan in your hand. You must decide the breed, with how many goats you will start, accommodation, feeding, health issues etc. Accordingly, you will need to get the financial calculations with ROI. Return on investment is the most important factor because on that basis you will need to assess the finance investment. Consider your budget and some other factor related to this business. How much capital do you have? How many facilities can you provide to your goats with this capital? Which product do you want to produce from your farm? What are the natural facilities available there for goat farming? Is there any market for selling your products at a proper price? Is there any grazing place near your farm? If all the answers become positive then you should start goat farming business of your own.
Skills For Goat Farming Business
You must have proper skill and knowledge about goat farming, before starting the business. If you have prior experience, it’s good enough. Otherwise, you can contact your local Animal Husbandry Departments for free training. They generally conduct free training sessions and workshops for small business entrepreneurs. It is really very helpful and effective. You can also contact with existing and established goat farmers for pieces of information and knowledge.
Breed Selection For Goat Farming
According to the desired product, selecting the right breed is the most crucial issue. There are different breeds out there which are considered as profitable breed selection. But basically, it depends hugely on the region and climate of the location. Breeds are categorized in two part like pure breed and cross breed. Some of the popular pure breeds are
- Tota Pari
- Black Bengal
Some of the popular cross breeds are
- The cross breed of Sirohi and black Bengal (Sirohi buck and black Bengal doe)
- Cross breed of Jamnapari and Sirohi (Jamnapari buck and Sirohi doe)
- Cross breed of black Bengal and Beetel. (Beetel buck and black Bengal doe)
Location & Housing For Goat Farming
A properly cleaned, hygienic and spacious shed is required for the better growth of your goats. Depending on your land area, expenditure, and farm strength the shed area may vary. In general, it is being suggested that you must provide 10 Square Feet are for a single goat accommodation. It is advisable to use bricks and cement for the shed wall. 12 feet of height must be maintained and a proper ventilation is needed. For the roof area use the better quality of asbestos which is good heat absorbent in summer. Create one water reservoir or cemented tank to provide fresh drinking water supply to goats every time. it should be outside of the shed area.
Fodder Planning For Goat Farming
Fodder planning plays an important role health issues and cost management. In addition, with the dry fodder, green fodder is very important to provide essential nutrients to the goats. Grazing of goats is very important for this you must have a surplus grazing area with greenery so as for proper movement of the goats which helps in their digestion and enhance metabolism. Giving proper balanced diet with the right ratio in important in goat feeding.
Health & Care In Goat Farming
Proper health care and vaccination in must in this business. Make sure that a veterinarian doctor is available near your farm. If possible stock some necessary vaccines and medicines in your farm. And always vaccinate your goats timely. Goats can get sick very easily and they die very fast. Goats need to be watched and treated early and fast. You need to plan on learning what is normal in your goats, what is not normal and have emergency medications on hand. Two hours difference in giving a medication may mean the difference between life and death. Here, from the list, you can find standard vaccine rules:
|Foot & Mouth Disease||All cloven-footed animals||Polyvalent FMD vaccine||3 ml.|
|Hemorrhagic Septicemia (HS)||cattle, buffalo||HS Vaccine||5 ml.|
|Black Quarter||cattle. buffalo||BQ Vaccine||5 ml.|
|Anthrax||All species of animals||Anthrax spore vaccine||1 ml.|
|Enterotoxemia (ET)||Sheep & Goat||ET Vaccine||5 ml.|
|Contagious Caprine Pleuro Pneumonia (CCPP)||Sheep & Goat||IVRI Vaccine||0.2 ml.|
|Peste Des Pettis Ruminants (PPR)||Sheep & Goat||PPR Vaccine||1 ml.|
|Brucella||Female cattle & Buffalo calf age 4-8 months only||Brucella Vaccine||2 ml.|
|Theileriosis||Cattle & calves above 2 months of age||Theileria Vaccine||3 ml.|
|Rabies||All species of animals||Rabies Post Bite Vaccine||1 ml.|
Note: Before any vaccination deworming should be compulsory to get better results.
Tips & Suggestions About Goat Farming
Goat farming business is a time-consuming business. You must learn about farm management, medication, and fodder cultivation, and marketing of your farm produces. Daily basis record keeping will help you in getting confidence about the financials of your business and revenue return. Always plan for both short term and long term for successful goat farming business.