Indian economy hugely depends on agriculture and allied industries. And the agricultural activity hugely depends on irrigation facility. As the different Indian states receive ununiformed rainfall during monsoon, plantation and crop husbandry depend on other ways of irrigation facilities. Irrigation refers to the process of supply of water through artificial means such as pipes, ditches, sprinklers, etc. Apart from several Govt. initiatives, there is a huge potential of starting different irrigation business with small capital investments. Here in this article, we intend to provide 6 most profitable irrigation business ideas for the entrepreneurs.
Why Irrigation Business Is Profitable In India
The artificial way of supplying water to the agricultural land at the right moment in an appropriate volume for the proper growth of the plants in order to get the maximum yields of cultivation is technically called irrigation. But irrigation also includes clearing away of excess water from the agricultural land. There is a great necessity of irrigation in Indian agriculture. India has a great diversity and variety of climate and weather conditions. These conditions range from extreme of heat to extreme of cold and from extreme dryness to excessive rainfall. Due to some reasons, irrigation business opportunities are profitable in India. These are
- The uncertainty of monsoon rainfall both in time and place.
- Irregularity in the distribution of rainfall throughout the year.
- Excessive rainfall that causing the flood.
- A draught is an annual event in some areas.
- India is a land of Rabi Crops. But there is not rainfall in winter months.
- Some soils need more water.
- The introduction of hybrid seeds and multiple cropping need water throughout the year.
List Of 6 Irrigation Business Opportunities | Low-Cost
#1. Drip Irrigation
Basically, drip irrigation is known as trickle irrigation. Drip irrigation system includes dripping water onto the soil at very low rates (2-20 litres/hour) from a system of small diameter plastic pipes fitted with outlets called emitters or drippers. Water is applied close to plants so that only part of the soil in which the roots grow is wetted. You can start the business of drip irrigation system providing including layout plan design, estimate, and implementation of the system. You can import the tools and pieces of equipment from China. Otherwise, you can start this business with a distributorship of a reputed company in India.
#2. Irrigation Equipment
Different types of irrigation machines and tools are the essential items for irrigation. Selling irrigation supplies is one of the most profitable irrigation business for rural areas or small towns in India. Some of the most potential irrigation equipment include pump sets, generator set, PVC pipes with different fittings, tanks, sprinklers, hose pipes, watering can, digital water timer etc. You can start selling the materials of local manufacturers. Additionally, you can import high-quality materials from China or other states. Also, you can avail distribution opportunity of the reputed companies of this field.
#3. Irrigation Structure
The irrigation system consists of a major intake structure or pumping station, a conveyance system, a distribution system, a field application system, and a drainage system. This is a very lucrative opportunity for civil engineers also. You can provide the design, estimate and implementation guide with required tools and equipment to your clients.
Sprinkler irrigation method distributes water to crops by spraying it over the crop area like a natural rainfall. Basically, the water under pressure flows through perforations or nozzles and sprays over the area. Sprinkler irrigation system in India is generally used mostly in the hilly areas for plantation crops like tea and coffee. Generally, the locations that have a shortage of ground water for irrigation are the most potential areas of sprinkler irrigation business. Therefore, the best states are Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, MP, Maharashtra, U.P., Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, etc.
Tube-wells are also used for irrigation purposes. At places where ground water is available, a tube-well can be installed near the agricultural area. A deep tube well worked by electricity can irrigate a much larger area (about 400 hectares) than a surface well (1/2 hectares). The states like U.P., Haryana, Punjab, Bihar and Gujarat mostly use tube wells. Additionally, you can start tubewell selling and installation business by sourcing the tube wells from reputed manufacturers.
#6. Small Lifting Irrigation
Small lifting irrigation includes the activity of lifting water from rivers, canal, tanks or ponds for the nearby lands. This type of irrigation project is very popular among the farmers. Basically, the project includes designing, layout plan, estimate and implementation. Having expertise and experience in this field , you can start this irrigation business with small capital investment.