Jam jelly making is simply a profitable business. In addition, you can initiate the business as a small scale with low capital investment. Food processing industry has started receiving a great deal of attention from the policy makers. The current industrial policy in food processing is also favorable for food processing industry.
India is the 2nd largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world, and the food processing sector in the country is expected to double in the next decade. The ever-growing consumer demands have opened up huge investment opportunities for foreign and private entities in the food processing industry currently.
You can start the business at your home also. However, you must have proper planning and strategy. In addition, you can avail different allowances and grants from Government sectors.
Generally, you can produce jam and jelly from almost every type of fruit and some vegetables. Fruit jam contains rich fruit pulp and available in mango, apple, mixed fruit, pineapple and orange flavors. Jelly is a clear, bright mixture made from fruit juice, sugar and sometimes pectin. Generally, people use jelly and jam as the bread spread and as a filling for some cakes and cookies.
Market Potential For Jam Jelly Making
Generally, domestic households, restaurants, and other eateries are the major consumers of these items. It is estimated that the total production of processed fruit & vegetable in India is about 15.0 lakh ton. Out of various products fruit juices and fruit pulp accounts for 27 percent, followed by jams & jellies only 10 percent and synthetics 8 percent. This is obvious that the processed products of fruit & vegetable business will remain a growth industry for a long time. One of the main reasons for the expectation of growth is that the consumption of jam jelly is gaining popularity day by day owing to the growing change in the food habits and increased consumption of bread and other convenient snack foods.
Jam Jelly Making Business Registration
In starting jam jelly making business, you will need to register your business first. There are four options such as OPC, LLP, Pvt. Ltd and Ltd. Co. According to your management nature and objective, you need to select the right one. However, you can also start the business as a proprietorship.
Obtain Trade License. As this is a food product item, you will need to apply for FSSAI License. You can register your business as SSI Unit. Compliance with FPO and PFA Act is necessary. IS standard for these products is 5861:1970.
Jam Jelly Making Ingredients
The major raw materials required for the production of mixed fruit jam & jelly, marmalade are different fruits and vegetables. These are orange, pineapple, guava, papaya, jackfruit and banana. The consumables are sugar, citric acid, preservatives, food grade colors, chemicals, pectin, flavors, common salt etc.
Additionally, you will need to procure the packaging consumables. First of all, you have to pack the product glass bottle or jars. And finally in cartons.
Jam Jelly Making Machines & Equipment
For a small scale conventional production process oriented unit you will need to have the following machinery. Pulper, Juice Extractor, Mixer, Grinder, Slicer, Cap Sealing Machine, Bottle Washing Machine and Carton Sealing Machine. From this type of unit, you can expect 30 tons production output per year on 2 shift working and 300 working days
If you want to establish a large scale production unit you will need to establish a fully automatic production unit. According to the desired production output requirement, you can establish customized plant.
Additionally, you will need to procure some other equipment and tools. The list includes weighing scale, glassware, working tables, canteen burners, stainless steel utensils, hand-gloves, cutters and graters, storage racks etc. Also, you will need to have Testing equipment like jell meter, refractometer etc.
Jam Jelly Making Process
First of all, wash the fruits in water and remove the skins. After peeling, cut or slice them into small pieces. Then, boil these pieces with water. Add an appropriate quantity of sugar with the pulp. When the temperature is around 60 C; citric acid, color, essence etc. are added. This mixture is then stirred for a while, cooled and then packed in bottles. The process flow chart is:
Washing, peeling and slicing of fruits → Boiling → Mixing of sugar with pulp → Cooling → Packing.
Washed and peeled fruits are fed to the hopper of a juice extractor and the juice so obtained is filtered. Certain fruits like rosella or guava need to be boiled in water before extracting juice. Sugar is added to juice and then this mixture is boiled to convert it in jelly form and pectin, citric acid, color etc. are added in the required quantity. Boiling is done till jelly-like formation is obtained. Packing is done on cooling. The process flow chart is:
Washing and peeling of fruits → Addition of sugar in juice → Boiling → Cooling and Packing.
Learning Resource For Jam Jelly Making
If you want to start a jam jelly making business, then you must have indepth knowledge about several aspects. These are ingredients, recipe, production process, packaging etc. However, if you are an absolute beginner then a book is the most valuable resource to get knowledge about the business.
We recommend the above mentioned handbook to get the detail informations about the business. The book covers a special focus on the making jams, jellies, marmalades, pickles, and sauces. The content includes jam making, jelly making, marmalade making, pickles, chutneys, and sauces. Additionally, it caters bottling fruit, finishing preservation, and work for show.
This is one of the most easy businesses you can start in the food processing industry. This business allows several other operations from same unit. And it allows to enhance the profitability. You can also produce pickles and sauce from your jam jelly making unit as well.