Top 10+ Small Scale Livestock Farming Business Ideas

Animal farming or livestock farming business in India is very promising. Livestock farming business can be operated from your backyard or as small scale or even in large scale. Livestock represents the only way in which the natural vegetation that covers large parts of India can be converted into protein products that can be used by the human being. It provides draught power and manure to the crop enterprise and this, in turn, provides feed and fodder.

How To Start A Livestock Farming Business In India

Sustainable and profitable livestock farming business involves the following aspects:

  • Selecting the right species according to the area, weather and soil condition.
  • Selecting the right breed.
  • Proper financial planning with cost and ROI (return on investment) calculations.
  • Fixing the financial resources properly.
  • Applying for the Government subsidy and grants.
  • Ability in securing a loan.
  • Relevant skill, knowledge and expertise.
  • Using proper equipment and upgraded technology.
  • Risk management ability.
  • Finally proper marketing planning

List Of 10+ Small Scale Livestock Farming Business Ideas

1.Dairy Farming

Livestock Farming Business in India ranks first with the average milk production of 78 million tons per annum. In starting a dairy farming business, crafting a proper business plan, creating cropping and feeding program, waste management planning, financial planning and marketing planning are important. It is advisable to start as a small-scale and after getting confidence on the business, expand steadily. The major products are milk, meat, and leather. You can also sell dungs for organic fertilizer production.

Related article: How To Get NABARD Dairy Farming Subsidy | Basic Guide

2. Fish Farming

Fish farming is profitable and the industry is widely diversified. You can start you own home based small scale fish farming with small capital investment or you can start a large-scale commercial fish farming. According to your location, available water bodies, environment, water type and investment capacity, you will need to select the right species for fish farming. Carp fish like Rahu and Katla, Tilapia, Prawn, Crab, and Shrimp are the major popular fishes in India. Apart from this fish hatchery and ornamental fish farming also very profitable business.

3. Goat Farming

Goat farming is a proven highly profitable livestock farming business idea so, it is very necessary to make a proper goat farming business plan before starting this business. High profit within a very short time, little investment, huge global demand are the main reasons of spreading this business rapidly throughout the world. If you want to start this business and if you have the ability to make a plan perfectly then you will defiantly be able to achieve the highest profit from goat farming business. Read More…

4. Ostrich Farming

Ostrich meat is the healthiest alternative to our traditional meat. It has lower fat, calories, and cholesterol than beef, chicken, and pork. Ostriches allow the farmer to make higher and quicker returns on investment. Ostrich eggs, meat, hide (leather) and feathers are very highly priced and command high prices on the local and international markets. Ostrich farming can be operated in paddock along with sheep, goat, and cattle.

5. Pearl Farming

The production of a cultured pearl is a complex process that requires a thriving marine ecosystem, important knowledge and skill, and several years of patience. You can initiate freshwater pearl culture as small scale basis. Freshwater pearl farming is commercially profitable venture to initiate with small startup capital.

6. Pet Birds Farming

Pet bird farming is a highly profitable business, provided you choose the species and know the commercial way of farming. Some of the most popular pet birds are Macaws, Cockatoos, Australian Parakeets, Soft Bills, Pigeons, Amazon, Love Birds, Fancy Poultry etc.

7. Pig Farming

Commercial pig farming in India is one of the most profitable livestock farming business. Pigs grow faster than any other animals. They have higher feed conversion efficiency. That means they have a great feed to meat converting ratio. The ratio of total consumable meat and total body weight is higher in pigs. We can get around 60 to 80 percent consumable meat from a live pig.

8. Poultry Farming

Commercial poultry farming in India has created and is still creating the profitable small business opportunity for the entrepreneurs. All types of poultry products have good demand in the market inside India. Highly productive local and foreign breeds are also available in the market for commercially successful poultry farming. Three major types of poultry species are broiler (for meat production), cockerels (for meat production) and layers (for egg production). Read More…

9. Rabbit Farming

The rabbit is known as “Micro-Livestock” and can be a great source of food production. There is a great opportunity of rabbit farming, and commercial production is highly profitable and can be a great source of income and employment. Rabbits are the very small sized animal and it requires the comparatively small area for rabbit farming. Some of the most popular and profitable rabbit breeds are Dark Gray (internal), Fox, Dutch, New Zealand White, New Zealand Black, New Zealand Red, Belgium White and Chinchilla etc.

10. Sheep Farming

Sheep are raised mainly for their wool, milk, skins and manure production. Additionally, sheep meat is very tasty, nutritious and popular to all types of people throughout the world. Basically, sheep farming business is a great source of income and for eradicating poverty from the barren, desert, semi-arid and mountainous areas.The most lucrative aspect of this business is, you don’t need to have a huge capital investment to start a sheep farming business.

11. Worm Farming

Technologically advanced commercial worm farming is a highly profitable venture to start with moderate capital investment. Earthworm production is an enterprise that could be suitable for many small land owners. An operation with one or two worm beds requires only minimal setup costs, maintenance, and labor. Additionally, you can sell earthworms in two main markets. These markets include bait for fishing and worms for composting. They are both sizable markets with many opportunities.

Commercial livestock farming business in India is a proven and profitable opportunity for the aspiring entrepreneurs. The government of India has launched several different subsidy schemes on livestock farming business to encourage and give support to the startup entrepreneurs.