Poultry farming industry in India includes numerous lucrative business opportunities for the entrepreneurs. People generally perceive poultry farming is all about rearing and farming chickens for eggs and meats. However, it is something more than that. The survival and profitability of a small scale enterprise in poultry farming industry depend on the qualities of the person who starts the business. An individual must be an opportunity seeker through a careful scanning of the needs of the consumers and entire poultry value system. He or she must be persistent to be able to support business growth. Here in this article, we intend to list 15 chosen small business opportunities in poultry farming industry.
Poultry Farming Industry Market Potential
Poultry farming industry is one of the fastest growing agricultural segments today. The production of egg and meat are increasing at a rate of 8 to 10% annually. The industry has undergone a paradigm shift in structure and operation. It has transformed from a mere backyard activity into a major commercial and sustainable activity in just about few decades. Growth in per capita income, a growing urban population, health consciousness about red meat are the major contributing factors in the expansion of the poultry farming industry. A growing rural market and awareness of new technologies and specialised methodologies and techniques in hatching and bird rearing have also boosted market growth and reduced wastage.
Poultry rearing technology, chicken meat processing, medicines, feed additives, health products, equipment, management and other technical services are the lucrative field of the investment opportunity. India is the second largest egg producer and third largest broiler chicken producer in the world with production estimates of 65,000 million (2.8 million tonnes) eggs and 3 million tonnes of broiler meat per year. The market is estimated to be worth about INR 90,000 Crore. South India accounts for the majority of total poultry production and consumption in the country. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra in the west, Haryana, Punjab in the north and West Bengal are key regions in this aspect.
There are several opportunities for foreign direct investment (FDI) in the poultry sector in areas like breeding, medication, feedstock, vertical integration, and processing. Currently, 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is permitted in the food processing sector which covers dairy, poultry, marine, vegetables and fruits. Robust growth in the poultry output, coupled with future growth potential and favourable socioeconomic factors over the last decade makes India one of the fastest growing world markets in this segment.
15 Profitable Small Business Ideas In Poultry Farming Industry
#1. Broiler Poultry Farming For Meat
Commercial broiler farming is the most successful business in Asia Pacific region and other parts of the world. This business can be initiated as small medium and large scale basis according to the investment capacity.
#2. Chicken Hatchery
In the modern nomenclature of the poultry farming industry, the term hatchery covers the sector which is engaged in production and supply of one-day-old chicks by artificial incubation. Day old chicks are produced keeping in view the customer’s requirements. The Bureau of Indian Standards has laid down specifications for day old chicks (layer/broiler) under the ISI Specification. Read More…
#3. Duck Farming
Duck farming or duckery is a profitable business for small business entrepreneurs. Duck farming is possible without water for some of the specific breeds. Duck rearing does not require elaborate housing like poultry. Ducks are hardier well suited for a weaker section where the level of management is moderately scientific. Khaki Campbell is the best egg producing breed in ducks.
#4. Duck Farming With Integrated Fish Farming
The major benefit of this type of farming is water surface of the pond can be used for duck raising. Fish ponds provide an excellent environment to ducks which prevent them from infection of parasites. The daily waste of duck feed (about 20 – 30 gm/duck) serves as fish feed in ponds or as manure, resulting in higher fish yield. Manuring is conducted by ducks and homogeneously distributed without any helping of duck droppings.
#5. Egg Processing
Egg processing opportunity includes egg grading, processing, pasteurization, spray drying and eggshell processing. A fully export-oriented plant setup definitely cash intensive business.
#6. Frozen Chicken Meat Processing
The demand for frozen chicken meat is increasing rapidly. The product is very popular in retail outlets. Some of the very popular frozen and chilled forms are whole chicken (with or without giblets), boneless breast, boneless legs, drumstick with skin, drumstick skinless, a whole leg with skin, whole leg skinless, wings, lollipop.
#7. Layer Poultry Farming For Eggs
Layer poultry farming means raising egg-laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. For poultry farming schemes with very large outlays, detailed project reports will have to be prepared. Banks provide financial assistance for construction of brooder/grower and layer sheds, feed store, quarters etc., purchase of poultry equipment such as feeders, waterers, brooders etc., creating infrastructure items for the supply of electricity, feed, water etc.
#8. Organic Manure Production
A very good quality organic manure production is possible from chicken wastes. An organic chicken manure fertilizer production technology process includes the selection of raw material (chicken manure etc), drying and sterilization, burden mixing, granulation, cooling and screening, measuring and cutting and product storage.
#9. Ostrich Farming
Ostrich meat is the healthiest alternative to our traditional meat. It has lower fat, calories, and cholesterol than beef, chicken, and pork. Ostriches allow the farmer to make higher and quicker returns on investment. Ostrich eggs, meat, hide (leather) and feather is very highly priced and command high prices on the local and international markets. Ostrich farming can be operated in paddock along with sheep, goat, and cattle.
#10. Pigeon Farming
Pigeon is a domestic bird and the business is profitable to start with small capital investment. Pigeon meat is too much tasty and full of protein. A pigeon farm needs an open place for their moving. Pigeon house requires a very little space; normally for a couple, a room with 12 x 12 x 10-inch dimension is quite enough.
#11. Poultry Farming Equipment Shop
This is one of the most profitable trading opportunities in poultry farming industry. You can start the business by two ways. You can source the material from manufacturers and sell from your own shop. Otherwise, you can start with a distributor or dealership agreement of a reputed company. Some of the most popular equipment are Poultry Cage, Layer Cage, Breeder Cage, Poultry Ventilation System, Poultry Environment Control System, Poultry Cooling Fan Pad, Poultry Heaters, Nipple Drinking System, Poultry Controller Systems etc.
#12. Poultry Feed Manufacturing
Good quality poultry feed is always in high demand. The success of livestock farming is largely dependent on the continuous supply of good quality nutritious feeds at the competitive price. The business is very profitable according to the gross profit generation.
#13. Quails Farming
Commercial quails farming is all about raising quails commercially (like other poultry birds) for the purpose of profitable eggs and meat production. Quails are very small sized birds. Almost all types of weather conditions are suitable for starting quail farming business. Meat and eggs of quail are very tasty and nutritious.
#14. Swan Farming
Swan farming is considered as a profitable small business. Generally, the swans are raised for its beauty and economic importance. Nowadays swan farming has become a popular income source. The meat and eggs of swan bird can be consumed.
#15. Turkey Farming
The turkey farming is suitable for small and medium farming business activity. It is a highly profitable business. Turkey birds are reared for only meat purpose and not suitable for commercial egg production. Commercial turkey farming in India is slowly getting popularity as an alternative to chicken farming.
Poultry farming industry is huge and it is increasing rapidly with technology enhancement. We hope this article of 15 lucrative niche business ideas in poultry farming industry will help you in taking an informed decision.