Rubber conveyor belt is an essential industrial item. The product essentially consists of various fabrics like all cotton, cotton/nylon, rayon/nylon, all synthetic etc. with a cover of various rubber grades like oil resistant, flame resistant etc. A rubber conveyor belt is a system of pulleys with a long loop of fabric or other material stretched between them.
Usually, at least, one of the pulleys is motorized to pull the belt along with it. They are used to conveniently move heavy objects from one part of a processing facility to another. They can be extremely complex or quite simple. The design of the belt is an essential determining factor in the service life of the belt in any particular application.
Rubber Conveyor Belt Market Potential
The demand for the conveyor belt is increasing steadily with the rapid industrialization in the Country. These belts are commonly used for industrial purposes in thermal plants, fertilizer plants, railways, chemical plant, etc. There has been increased the need for the conveyor belt servicing activities. The typical lifespan of a conveyor belt product varies from two to five years. After this, there is a need for replacement of or repair work on the conveyor belt or part of the conveyor belt.
The growth in production in the Coal Mining industry in India, which is a major end-user of conveyor belts, is expected to drive higher demand for conveyor belts during the period 2016-2020. India’s Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-2017) has projected better growth prospects in industries such as Cement, Steel, and Ports, which are some of the major end-users of conveyor belts in India. The growth in these industries is expected to drive higher demand for conveyor belts in India in the coming years. Rubber conveyor belt manufacturing is a techno-commercially profitable investment opportunity for the entrepreneurs.
Registration & License For Rubber Conveyor Belt Manufacturing
In starting a rubber conveyor belt manufacturing business, you will need to obtain different licenses and registrations in India. These are as follows:
- Register your business with ROC according to your ownership and liability pattern.
- Obtain Trade License from Municipal authority.
- Apply for Udyog Aadhaar MSME registration. It is not mandatory. However, it will help you in getting finance from the bank.
- Apply for VAT registration
- Obtain NOC from the State Pollution Control Board.
- Apply for BIS Certification. The specifications in conformation to IS: 1891.
Rubber Conveyor Belt Manufacturing Machinery
You will need to procure different machines for the manufacturing operation. Such as
- Rubber mixing mill 16”x48” with chilled cast iron rolls and standard accessories
- Rubber Dispersion Kneader
- Calender machine 8”x26” with hollow rolls, duly ground, with gun metal bushes, gear box and other accessories
- Farming table
- Size cutting machine with electric motor
- Wrapping machine
- Hydraulic mixture machine
- Hydraulic press with all accessories
- Testing equipment like Tensile Testing machine, Ageing Chamber, Ross Scoti flex test machine.
Rubber Conveyor Belt Manufacturing Process
Rubber conveyor belts are generally manufactured by two methods. One method involves rubberizing the cloth by calendar machine and in the second method rubberizing of the cloth is done by spreading machine.
In the case of rubberizing by calendar machine, the production is very high and there are no costs involved on account of solvent losses.
After rubberizing, the cloth in the requisite number of layers is transferred to Hydraulic press for vulcanizing to achieve the desired thickness. Different types of conveyor belting cover composition are available for heavy duty, medium duty, light duty, heat resistant type of belts.
Raw Material For Rubber Conveyor Belt Manufacturing
In the manufacturing operation, you will need to procure different types of raw materials. Such as raw rubber, synthetic rubber, whiting, processing oil, zinc oxide, stearic acid, rosin, anti-oxidant, accelerator, sulphur, pine tar, carbon black, canvas/fabric, colour/paints and pigments. You will also need to procure the packaging consumables. In rubber conveyor belt manufacturing, you will need to maintain the quality standards as per client’s specifications.